These recommendations are brought to you by the Pool & Spa Alliance (formerly The Association of Pool & Spa Professionals). In addition to supervision, APSP supports the concept of layers of protection. This means that your pool, spa, or hot tub is equipped with several devices to delay unsupervised access or to warn of a child’s presence. Layers of protection for consideration include:
- Adult Supervision
No matter your age or skill level, increase pool safety and enjoyment by ensuring that there’s always at least one non-swimming adult present for supervision. A whistle comes in handy to alert and command everyone’s attention promptly. There is no greater layer of protection than constant adult supervision.
Fencing is another possible layer of protection. There’s a fence for every taste and budget, from wooden and chain link to ornamental and thick hedge barriers. Present your plans and design ideas to your local building code office, homeowners’ group, or other regulatory organization before proceeding.
- Automatic or Manual Safety Covers
A non-penetrating cover can completely cover the pool and block access to pool water. All safety cover types should meet ASTM F13-46 standard.
- Locking Hot Tub Cover
The Association of Pool & Spa Professionals (APSP) recommends that all portable hot tub owners have a safety cover that locks. Locking hot tub covers should meet the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM International) F1346-91 safety standard.
Alarms set off a loud sound – and even lights – to warn of potential danger. Consider home security features such as door and exit alarms, fence gate alarms, and water level sensors.
- Rope and Float Line
Placed across the pool, the rope and float line alerts swimmers to the separation between the deep and shallow ends of the pool.
- Life Ring, Shepherd’s Crook (Hook)
These devices are used to pull someone from the pool to safety. All rescue equipment should be placed near the pool in a clearly marked and readily accessible spot, and periodically checked to make sure it’s in good condition.
- First Aid Kit
A first aid kit should be kept in a safe and convenient location and periodically checked to make sure the kit is well stocked with all essentials.
- Emergency Information
Post CPR, emergency (911 or other) contact information, and warning signs in a clearly visible spot near the pool. You and your family may even perform routine safety drills to remind everyone what to do and where to go in the event of an emergency.
- Outside Telephone
A cordless phone at poolside lets you call for help or information quickly, without leaving the pool area.
Choose a level of pool protection that’s right for you and use it! Even on cooler, cloudy days, the sun’s ultraviolet rays can burn and damage skin cells.
- Toys, Games, and Floats
All recreational pool equipment should be safe and age appropriate for each individual. Never leave loose objects in or around the pool. Put them away for security and safety.
- Maintenance Supplies
All cleaners, chemicals, and maintenance supplies should be kept in a locked storage area, away from children and pets. Check labels for proper storage and expiration dates, and follow manufacturers’ guidelines.